Thomas J. Givnish

 

Henry Allan Gleason Professor of Botany and Environmental Studies

Ph.D. (1976) Princeton University • 315 Birge Hall • 608-262-5718 • givnish@wisc.edu

Plant ecology and evolution; adaptive radiation and molecular systematics;
phylogeography; physiological ecology; landscape dynamics

Additional Publications


Montgomery RA, Goldstein G, Givnish TJ. 2008. Photoprotection and photoinhibition in Hawaiian lobeliads from diverse light environments: evidence for adaptive divergence. Functional Plant Biology 35: 595-605.

Lopez OR, K Farris-Lopez, RA Montgomery, TJ Givnish.  2008.  Leaf phenology in relation to canopy closure in southern Appalachian trees.  American Journal of Botany 95: 1395-1407. pdf

Givnish TJ, Volin JC, Owen VD, Volin VC, Muss JD, Glaser PH. 2008. Vegetation differentiation in the patterned landscape of the Central Everglades: importance of local and landscape drivers. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17: 384-402. pdf

Coop JD, Givnish TJ. 2008. Constraints on tree seedling establishment in montane grasslands of the Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico. Ecology 89: 1101-1111. pdf

Coop JD, Givnish TJ. 2007. Gradient analysis of reversed treelines and grasslands of the Valles Caldera, New Mexico. Journal of Vegetation Science 18: 43-54. pdf

Givnish TJ, Millam KC, Berry PE, Sytsma KJ. 2007. Phylogeny, adaptive radiation, and historical biogeography of Bromeliaceae inferred from ndhF sequence data. Pp. 3-26 in JT Columbus, EA Friar, JM Porter, LM Prince, MG Simpson (eds.) Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution – Poales. Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, CA. pdf

Coop JD, Givnish TJ. 2007. Spatial and temporal patterns of recent forest encroachment in montane grasslands of the Valles Caldera, New Mexico, USA. Journal of Biogeography 34: 914-927.

Pires JC, Maureira IJ, Givnish TJ, Sytsma KJ, Seberg O, Petersen G, Davis JI, Stevenson DW, Rudall PJ, Fay MF, Chase MW. 2006. Phylogeny, genome size, and chromosome evolution of Asparagales. Pp. 287-304 in JT Columbus, EA Friar, JM Porter, LM Prince, MG Simpson (eds.) Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution Poales). Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, CA.

Chase, M. W., M. F. Fay, D. S. Devey, O. Maurin, N. Rønsted, J. Davies, Y. Pillon, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, M. N. Tamura, C. B. Asmussen, K. Hilu, T. Borsch, J. I. Davis, D. W. Stevenson, J. C. Pires, T. J. Givnish, K. J. Sytsma, M. M. McPherson, S. W. Graham, and H. S. Rai. 2006. Multi-gene analyses of monocot relationships: a summary. Pp. 63-75 in JT Columbus, EA Friar, JM Porter, LM Prince, MG Simpson (eds.) Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution (excluding Poales). Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, CA.

Givnish TJ, Pires JC, Graham SW, McPherson MA, Prince LM, Patterson TB, Rai HS, Roalson ER, Evans TM, Hahn WJ, Millam KC, Meerow AW, Molvray M, Kores P, O’Brien HE, Kress WJ, Hall J, Sytsma KJ. 2006. Phylogeny of the monocotyledons based on the highly informative plastid gene ndhF: evidence for widespread concerted convergence. Pp. 28-51 in JT Columbus, EA Friar, JM Porter, LM Prince, MG Simpson (eds.) Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution (excluding Poales). Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, CA.

Landis FC, Gargas A, Givnish TJ. 2005. The influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae and light on Wisconsin (USA) sand savanna understories. 1. Plant community composition. Mycorrhiza 15: 547-553.

Givnish TJ, Pires JC, Graham SW, McPherson MA, Prince LM, Patterson TB, Rai HS, Roalson ER, Evans TM, Hahn WJ, Millam KC, Meerow AW, Molvray M, Kores P, O’Brien HE, Kress WJ, Hall J, Sytsma KJ. 2005. Repeated evolution of net venation and fleshy fruits among monocots in shaded habitats confirms a priori predictions: evidence from an ndhF phylogeny. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 272: 1481-1490.

Givnish TJ. 2005. Hallmarks of the New World [review of D. H. Benzing – Bromeliaceae: Portrait of an adaptive radiation. Cambridge University Press, New York]. Systematic Biology 54: 340-344.

Givnish TJ, Pires JC, Graham SW, McPherson MA, Prince LM, Patterson TB, Rai HS, Roalson ER, Evans TM, Hahn WJ, Millam KC, Meerow AW, Molvray M, Kores P, O’Brien HE, Kress WJ, Hall J, Sytsma KJ. 2005. Repeated evolution of net venation and fleshy fruits among monocots in shaded habitats confirms a priori predictions: evidence from an ndhF phylogeny. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 272: 1481-1490. pdf

Givnish TJ, Montgomery RA, Goldstein G. 2004. Adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology in the Hawaiian lobeliads: light regimes, static light responses, and whole-plant compensation points. American Journal of Botany 91: 228-246. pdf

Chung MM, Gelembiuk G, Givnish TJ. 2004. Population genetic variation and phylogeography of endangered Oxytropis campestris var. chartacea and relatives: arctic-alpine disjuncts in eastern North America. Molecular Ecology 13: 3657-3673. pdf

Landis FC, Gargas A, Givnish TJ. 2004. Relationships among arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, vascular plants, and environmental conditions in Wisconsin (USA) oak savannas. New Phytologist 164: 493-504. pdf

Givnish TJ, Millam KC, Evans TM, Hall JC, Pires JC, Berry PE, Sytsma KJ. 2004. Ancient vicariance or recent long-distance dispersal? Inferences about phylogeny and South American-African disjunctions in Rapateaceae and Bromeliaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165: S35-S54. pdf

Evans TM, Sytsma KJ, Faden RB, Givnish TJ. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in the Commelinaceae: II. A cladistic analysis of rbcL sequences and morphology. Systematic Botany 28: 270-292.

Patterson TB, Givnish TJ. 2002 Phylogeny, concerted convergence, and phylogenetic niche conservatism in the core Liliales: insights from rbcL and ndhF sequence data. Evol 56:233-252. pdf

Mäkela A, Givnish TJ, Berninger F, Buckley TN, Farquhar GD, Hari P. 2002 Challenges and opportunities of the optimality approach in plant ecology. Silva Fennica 36:605-614. pdf

Mast AR, Givnish TJ. 2002 Historical biogeography and the origin of stomatal protection in Banksia and Dryandra (Proteaceae) based on their cpDNA phylogeny. Am J Bot 89:1311-1323. pdf

Givnish TJ. 2001 The rise and fall of plant species: a population biologist's perspective. Am J Bot 88:1928-1934. pdf

Givnish TJ, Evans TM, Zjhra ML, Patterson TB, Berry PE, Sytsma KJ. 2000 Molecular evolution, adaptive radiation, and geographic diversification in the amphiatlantic family Rapateaceae: evidence from ndhF sequences and morphology. Evol 54:1915-1937. pdf

Chase MW, Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Rudall PJ, Fay MF, Hahn WH, Sullivan S, Joseph J, Givnish TJ, Sytsma KJ, Pires JC 2000. Higher-level systematics of the monocotyledons: an assessment of current knowledge and a new classification. Pp. 3-16 in KL Wilson, DA Morrison, eds. Monocots: systematics and evol-ution. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia. 

Givnish TJ 1999. On the causes of gradients in tropical tree diversity. J Ecol 87:193-210. pdf

Leach MK, Givnish TJ. 1999 Gradients in the composition, structure, and diversity of remnant oak savannas in southern Wisconsin. Ecol Monogr 69:353-374. pdf

Leach MK and TJ Givnish. 1996.  Ecological determinants of species loss in remnant prairies.  Science 273: 1555-1558. pdf



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Photographs:  TOP - Portrait of the scientist as a young man among Nymphaea tuberosa; Platanthera leucophaea (Orchidaceae), one of the most rapidly disappearing species in Midwestern wet prairies; species-rich Eucalyptus woodland, Stirling Range, Western Australia; profile of the Great Smoky Mountains in early spring.  BOTTOM - Floral diversity in Rapateaceae; sandstone escarpment, Auyán-tepui, one of the many sandstone plateaus of the ancient Guayana Shield and home to many narrow endemics; Cyanea floribunda, a highly shade-adapted lobeliad, in the Ola`a Tract of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park; false-color satellite image of the central and southern Everglades, showing patterned landscape with streamlined tree islands and a series of water-control structures constructed over the last half-century; Lilium michiganense, a member of the Liliales, one of twelve recognized orders of the monocotyledons.



© 2011 University of Wisconsin Department of Botany

Last updated: 27 November 2011